Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Ornithogalum umbellatum
nap-at-noon, garden star-of-Bethlehem

Distribution: Occurring in scattered locations on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to Idaho and Utah, also from Great Plains to eastern North America.

Habitat: Roadsides, open forests, fields, wastelots, and other disturbed areas at low elevation.

Flowers: April-May

Origin: Introduced from Eurasia

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees


Scapose, perennial herbs 20-30 cm. tall, from ovoid bulbs 1-2 cm. long and 1-2.5 cm. wide, with numerous bulblets, the outer layer of the bulbs papery, white to pale brown.


Leaves 4-6, all basal, 20-30 cm. long by 3-5 cm. wide, with a white stripe on the upper side.


Scapes 1-3 dm. tall, the inflorescence flat-topped, 8- to 20-flowered; flowers erect; tepals 6, white, with a wide, green stripe on the lower surface, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 15-22 mm. long and 7-8 mm. wide; outer 3 stamens 5-7 mm. long, inner 3 slightly longer; ovary superior, green; style 3-4 mm. long.


Capsule oblong-ovoid, strongly 6-angled, 5-6 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Ornithogalum umbellatum L.
Publication: Sp. Pl. 1: 307. 1753.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
(none provided)
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Ornithogalum umbellatum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Ornithogalum umbellatum checklist entry

OregonFlora: Ornithogalum umbellatum information

E-Flora BC: Ornithogalum umbellatum atlas page

CalPhotos: Ornithogalum umbellatum photos

9 photographs:
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