Page author: David Giblin
Malus fusca
Oregon crabapple, western crabapple

Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California.

Habitat: Moist woods, swamps and open canyons from sea level to moderate elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: April-May

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern


Several-stemmed shrub to small tree, 3-12 m. tall, the young twigs crisp-puberulent.


Leaf blades lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 4-10 cm. long, pointed, serrate, occasionally with a lobe on one or both margins, deep green above, paler beneath.


Inflorescence 5-12 flowered, flat-topped; calyx glabrous to woolly, the 5 lobes lanceolate, recurved, 5 mm. long, deciduous; petals 5, white, oblong-oval, 9-14 mm. long; stamens 20, shorter than the petals; styles usually 3.


Fruit 3-chambered, fleshy, obovoid, 10-16 mm. long, yellow to purplish-red.

Accepted Name:
Malus fusca (Raf.) C.K. Schneid.
Publication: Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. [C.K.Schneider] 1: 723. 1906.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Malus diversifolia (Bong.) M. Roem.
Malus fusca (Raf.) C.K. Schneid. var. diversifolia (Bong.) C.K. Schneid.
Malus fusca (Raf.) C.K. Schneid. var. levipes (Nutt.) C.K. Schneid.
Malus rivularis (Douglas) M. Roem.
Malus rivularis var. levipes (Nutt.) Koehne
Pyrus fusca Raf. [HC]
Pyrus fusca var. levipes Bailey
Pyrus rivularis Douglas
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Malus fusca in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Malus fusca checklist entry

OregonFlora: Malus fusca information

E-Flora BC: Malus fusca atlas page

CalPhotos: Malus fusca photos

48 photographs:
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