Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Maianthemum stellatum
star-flowered Solomon's-seal

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, east to the Great Plains, Great Lakes region, and northeastern North America.

Habitat: Moist woods and streambanks to open, rocky hillsides from low elevations to the subalpine.

Flowers: May-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees, flies


Perennial herbs from wide-spreading rhizomes, the erect flowering stems 2-6 dm. tall.


Leaves alternate, sessile, flat to folded, oblong-lanceolate, pointed, 5-17 cm. long and 1.5-5 cm. broad, glabrous to pubescent at least on the lower side, heavily veined.


Flowers 5-20 in a raceme 3-6 cm. long, the rachis usually zig-zag; pedicels 5-20 mm. long; tepals 6, white, narrowly oblong, 4-7 mm. long, much longer than the 6 stamens; style 1 mm. long.


Fruit a berry, greenish-yellow becoming blackish.

Accepted Name:
Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link
Publication: Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 343. 1821.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Convallaria stellata L.
Smilacina liliacea (Greene) Wynd
Smilacina sessilifolia Nutt. ex Baker
Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf. [HC]
Unifolium liliaceum Greene
Unifolium sessilifolium (Nutt. ex Baker) Greene
Unifolium stellatum (L.) Greene
Vagnera liliacea (Greene) Rydb.
Vagnera sessilifolia (Nutt. ex Baker) Greene
Vagnera stellata (L.) Morong
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Maianthemum stellatum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Maianthemum stellatum checklist entry

OregonFlora: Maianthemum stellatum information

E-Flora BC: Maianthemum stellatum atlas page

CalPhotos: Maianthemum stellatum photos

88 photographs:
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