Page authors: Don Knoke, David Giblin
Maianthemum racemosum
large false Solomon's seal, false spikenard

Distribution: Widely distributed on both sides of the Cascades crest in Washington; British Columbia to California, east to the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains, also from the central U.S. to the Atlantic Coast of eastern North America.

Habitat: Open woodlands, forest edge, moist meadow and forest openings from sea level to middle elevations in the mountains.

Flowers: April-July

Origin: Native

Growth Duration: Perennial

Conservation Status: Not of concern

Pollination: Bees, flies


Finely pubescent perennial herbs from wide-spreading rhizomes, the erect, unbranched flowering stems 3-9 dm. tall.


Leaves alternate, sessile, ovate-oblong, pointed, 7-20 cm. long and 4-8 cm. broad.


Inflorescence a numerous-flowered, freely-branching panicle 5-12 cm. long; tepals 6, distinct, 1.5 mm. long, creamy-white, narrowly oblong; stamens 6, 2.5-3 mm. long, ovate-lanceolate, broader than the tepals; style 0.5-1 mm. long.


Fruit a globose, reddish berry, 5-7 mm. long.

Accepted Name:
Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link
Publication: Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 343. 1821.

Synonyms & Misapplications:
Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf. [HC]
Additional Resources:

PNW Herbaria: Specimen records of Maianthemum racemosum in the Consortium of Pacific Northwest Herbaria database

WA Flora Checklist: Maianthemum racemosum checklist entry

OregonFlora: Maianthemum racemosum information

E-Flora BC: Maianthemum racemosum atlas page

CalPhotos: Maianthemum racemosum photos

81 photographs:
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