Chain Fern Family, Deer Fern Family
2 genera
2 species
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Struthiopteris spicantdeer fern
Distribution: Occurring chiefly west of the Cascades crest in Washington; Alaska to California, also from southeastern British Columbia to southern Idaho.
Habitat: Forest understory, sometimes where moist, sea level to mid-elevations.
Origin: Native
Spores: April-September
Growth Duration: Perennial
Woodwardia fimbriatagiant chain fern
Distribution: Occurring west of the Cascades crest in lowland western Washignton; Osouthern Vancouver Island to California, also in Nevada and Arizona.
Habitat: Mixed conifer and mixed conifer-hardwood forests, always where moist such as stream banks, springs, and seepy rocky outcrops.
Origin: Native
Growth Duration: Perennial