Club-Shaped Fungi
25 genera
63 species
0 subspecies and varieties
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Alloclavaria purpureapurple club coral, purple coral
Description: Smooth to wrinkled, tubular or slightly flattened, unbranched fruit bodies with pointed tips. They normally grow gregariously in clusters or dense troops. They are typically deep or dull purple, fading to purplish gray or brown.
Asterophora lycoperdoidespowdery piggyback, powder-cap, star-bearing powdercap
Bryoglossum gracile
Habitat: alpine and artic environments
Substrate: moist moss on soil and rocks
Spores: Late summer and fall
Calocera corneasmall staghorn
Description: Calocera cornea is a wood-inhabiting jelly-fungus. Its growth in large troops on rotting logs and small size set it apart from the other club-fungi. Microscopically, its spores are divided by a crosswall and are produced on basidia that are shaped like tuning forks or wishbones. It occurs throughout much of the world. C. viscosa is closely related, but is brighter in color, coralloid, and occurs on conifer wood.
Distribution: Broad
Habitat: Occurs on conifer wood
Substrate: Stumps, dead and fallen branches, and logs, in troops
Clavaria acutapointed club
Description: Clavaria acuta is a small pure white terrestrial club that grows as scattered individuals or fused pairs or trios. Often the clubs exhibit a translucent stipe with a whiter upper fertile portion.
Habitat: Clavaria acuta usually occurs on bare soil in somewhat disturbed areas.
Clavaria fragiliswhite spindles
Description: Clavaria fragilis produces smooth, tubular or slightly flattened, unbranched fruitbodies with pointed tips. they normally grow gregariously in large clusters. As the common name indicates, they are white, sometimes yellowing or browning at the tips when old.
Habitat: grassland and wodland
Substrate: moss and grass or leaf litter
Clavaria fumosasmoky clavaria, smoky spindles
Origin: Native
Clavaria rosearosy club coral, rose spindles
Description: Clavaria rosea oriduces smooth, tubular or flattened, unbranched fruitbodies that have pointed tips and an indistinct stem. The are bright rose-pink, paler or whitish toward the base. The flesh is hollow and very fragile.
Habitat: grassland or woodlands
Substrate: moss and grass or leaf litter
Clavaria vermicularis
Description: Clavaria vermicularis is very similar to C. actua (microscopically nearly identical) and more common; it too grows on soil, but in dense clusters of usually larger clubs. Its species name comes from the Latin for “worm”.
Substrate: Soil
Clavariadelphus ligulastrap coral, strap-shaped coral
Description: Clavariadelphus ligula is indistinguishable from C. sachalinensis in the field, differing primarily by its shorter spores (12–165 × 35–45 vs 18–24 × 4–6 µm) Because intermediates often can be found, it could be that only one species is involved, in which case the name C. ligula would have priority.
Clavariadelphus occidentalis
Description: Clvariadelphus occidentalis is a similar to C. pistillaris, but paler and usually associating with conifers.
Substrate: Conifers
Clavariadelphus sachalinensisstrap-shaped pestle
Description: Clavariadelphus sachalinensis is one of several small slender members of the genus that are characterized by fruiting from a dense mycelial mat that permeates and binds the substrate and by having narrowly ellipsoid or sway-backed spores. All are initially pale yellow and become pinkish cinnamon to ochraceous cinnamon as they age. The entire upper portion of the club is covered with fertile tissue.
Distribution: Widespread in western and northern North America.
Habitat: Often these species can be found in large troops under conifers.
Clavariadelphus truncatusflat-top coral, flat-topped coral, truncate club coral
Description: The species of Clavariadelphus can usually be told from the other clubs by their larger size, stockier stature, and characteristic ocher to yellow-orange color. C. truncatus produces rather large fruitbodies with a wide flattened cap, which makes it look something like a chanterelle, especially when the fertile surface, which runs down the upper portion beneath the “cap,” is wrinkled. C. truncatus is edible, with a rather sweet taste.
Distribution: Broad throughout the Northern Hemisphere
Habitat: Occurs with conifers
Claviceps purpureaergot, spurred rye
Description: Claviceps purpurea produces miniature, ocher to reddish brow, drumstick-like "fruitbodies," the heads of which are actually sterile stroma in which the true fruitbodies are immersed. These fruitbodies arise from banana-shaped, purplish black sclerotia- propagules that formed in the ears of grain, were shed, and have overwintered on the ground.
Habitat: grassland
Substrate: grass, especially rye
Clavulinopsis laeticolorhandsome club, golden fairy-club
Distribution: A widespread species, occurring across North America and in Europe and parts of Asia.
Cudonia circinanscommon Cudonia
Distribution: Widespread in North America, Europe, and Asia.
Cudoniella clavus
Distribution: It is widespread, but not particularly common.
Substrate: C. clavus occurs in spring and early summer on very wet plant debris, such as cones and twigs, often at least partly submerged in running water.
Elaphocordyceps capitataheadlike Cordyceps, truffle-eater
Elaphocordyceps ophioglossoidesgoldenthread Cordyceps, snaketongue truffleclub
Geoglossum fallaxbrown earth tongue
Geoglossum umbratileblack earth-tongue
Heyderia abietisminiature earth-tongue, fir-needle Mitrula
Distribution: Uncommon
Habitat: Occurs in scattered groups on conifer needles.
Leotia lubricaslippery cap, jelly-babies, common jelly-baby, ochre jelly-club, jellybaby, slippery Leotia
Microglossum olivaceumolive earth-tongue
Mitrula elegansswamp beacon, matchstick fungus
Habitat: Occurs on very wet plant litter or even on litter submerged in cold, shallow, running water.
Mutinus caninusdog stinkhorn, dog's stinkhorn
Onygena corvina
Substrate: The two most common species are O. corvina, which occurs on owl pellets, bird carcasses, hair, and wool, and O. equina (Willdenow) Persoon: Fries, found on the decaying horns and hooves of cattle and sheep.
Ophiocordyceps myrmecophilaant-eater, ant fungus
Pachycudonia monticolamountain-loving Cudonia
Phallus impudicusstinkhorn
Spathularia flavidayellow earthtongue, fairy fan, spatula fungus
Stereopsis humphreyi
Distribution: As far as we are aware, S. humphreyi has been reported only from the west side of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington and the Queen Charlotte Islands in B.C. It probably also occurs in southeast Alaska and coastal Oregon and northern California; whether it occurs farther inland is less certain.
Tolypocladium capitatumRound-headed truffle-club
Distribution: North America
Habitat: Coniferous forests.
Substrate: Soil (underground truffles)
Trichoglossum hirsutumhairy earth-tongue, shaggy earth-tongue, velvety earth-tongue, velvety-black earth-tongue
Trichoglossum variabilevariable hairy earth tongue
Origin: Native
Typhula erythropusredleg club
Origin: Native
Vibrissea truncorumwater club, aquatic earth-tongue
Habitat: Can be found on rotting pieces of wood that are very wet or submerged in cold water.
Xylaria hypoxyloncarbon-antlers, candlesnuff fungus, stag's-horn
Habitat: Occurs on rotting wood.